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Kazakhstan Attractions

The Mausoleum of Hhoja Ahmed Yasawi is located in the town of Yasi now Turkeystan, in southern Kazakhstan. It was built at the time of Timur, from 1389 to 1405 to replace a smaller mausoleum built in 12th century.

Rectangular in plan and 38.7 meters in height, the mausoleum is one of the largest and best-preserved examples of Timurid construction. It is partly unfinished building, and the master builders experimented with architectural and structural solutions later used in the construction of Samarkand, the capital of the Timurid Empire.

The mausoleum was constructed of fired brick and contains 35 rooms for varied functions. It is a multifunctional structure of the khanaqa type, with functions of a mausoleum and a mosque. A conic-spherical dome, the largest in Central Asia, sits above the Main Hall (Kazandyk). Other notable attributes include fragments of original wall paintings in the mosque, alabaster stalactites (muqarnas) in the intrados of the domes, glazed tiles featuring geometric patterns with epigraphic ornaments on the exterior and interior walls, fine Kufic and Sulsinscriptions on the walls, and texts from the Qu’ran on the drums of the domes. The principal entrance and parts of the interior were left unfinished, providing exceptional evidence of the construction methods of the period.